Sanjay S. Khandelwal
Democracy was defined by Abraham Lincoln as the government of the people,for the people and by the people.Democracy is a government in which are governed by their own elected representatives.since the main stress in any democratic set up is on the people,it is the system that is most acceptable.Every single individual in the country is the part of the process ofgoverning.The legislature is elected by the people.It makes laws for the people.The executive selected by the legislature, runs the country for the people.
Democracy is form of government in which people in which people are governed by their own elected representatives.In democracy people are supreme and sovereign.The core of democracy is freedom of choice.here people are free to elect government of their choice and they control the government.
In ancient times democracy had very little scope.In twentieth century many countries started following democracy.Democracy depends on universal adult suffrage,right to free discussion, co-existence of ideas and parties and periodic elections.
India is the largest democracy in the world.on 26 jan 1950 constitution was enforced.India became democratic republic infused with sprit of justice,liberty,equality and fraternity.The preamble,the directives principles of state policy and fundamental rightsreflects the Indian ideology as well as the caste ,creed ,religion, property,or sex have the right to caste their vote.After elections majority party forms the government and its leader becomes the primeminister.
Political parties are vehecles of ideas.they act as bridge betweensocial thought and political decisionin democracy.This does not mean that democracy is an ideal system which makes the functioning of government flawless. However gradually the politics has become a game of opportunism and corruption. Most political parties are only interested in coming to power. Some try to influence the people through caste politics. Some try to raise the religious sentiments of the people. The India ideology is replaced by caste and religion today.
Democracy also has its drawbacks. It does not guarantee social justice. Sometimes those in power are corrupt. At times the governing bodies keep their actions a secret and do not take people into confidence. It is slow in functioning and is incapable of coping up with emergency.
We enjoy every right in theory but no in practice. Real democracy ill come into being only when the masses are awakened and take part in economic and political life of the country. The Indian constitution has given fundamental rights to Indian citizens. These rights are peculiar in the sense that no one can live in democratic manner without them. Therefore framers of Indian Constitution provided some fundamental rights for Indian Citizens. These rights are essential for moral and material development of people. People can develop their bestself and personality through these rights. The courts can protect and safeguard them if someone’s rights are violated. After all fundamental rights are indispensable for god life and full development of human personality. Fundamental rights are inviolable in ordinary situation.
Important fundamental rights in our constitution are
- Right to equality [ Article 14-Article 18]
- Right to Freedom [ Article 19 – Article 22]
- Right to Life [Article 20]
- Right against exploitation [Article 23- Article 24]
- Right to Freedom of Religion [Article 25 - Article 28]
- Right to Culture and Education [Article 29 – Article 30]
- Right to constitutional Remedies [Article 32]
Our responsibility begins by exercising our voting rights when it matters.
Illiteracy is the main cause of inequality. The illiterate masses get easily lured by money during elections. Also some of our legislators have criminal records against them. The people who makes the laws themselves break then
Even after Sixty years of Independence, 25 percent of our population live below the poverty line without access to safe and clean drinking water, sanitation or proper health facilities. Various policies have been framed and implemented by various governments. Crores have been spent, yet many people are still struggling for existence.
Casteism and untouchability are still not abolished in our community. Violence has been taken a serious turn in country. Bandhs, Strikes and terrorist activities have become a common affairs. Every sphere of national life is corrupted. The rich exploit the poor who have no voice or share in democratic structure. For a successful democracy all these need to be checked.
But inspite of all these defects democracy is most effective form of government. India as democratic country has progressed in many aspects. It has become industrialized and also has achieved self sufficiency in food grains through green revolution. People vote for change whenever a government fails to come up to the expectations of the people. India has been successful democratic country only because the people are law – abiding, self disciplined and have the sense of social and moral responsibilities.
For a democracy to be successful the people have to literate and politically conscious. If democracy is to effective people have to be alert. They should be fully aware of their rights and privileges. They must continuously keep a track of the activities of those to whom they have entrusted the reins of government. They must learn to raise their voice against injustice and atrocities. Democracy gives them the rights and opportunities. But it is essential that they perform their duties as citizens faithfully and to the best of their abilities. The illiterate masses of India should be given education so that they can sensibly vote for the right leaders. If an individual is corrupt he cannot expect those in power to be free from corruption.
There should be quality in every sphere of life. The politician should also respect to spirit of democracy. They should refrain from corruption, caste and communal politics. Democracy is better than other forms of government. Ultimate reins of government are interested to the elected representatives of the people. But in order to prevent the concentration of power in a small group functions of government are distributed among three branches namely the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. They exercise mutual check on each other.
Democracy demands from the common man a certain level of ability and character, like rational conducts, and intelligent understanding of public affair and unselfish devotion to public interest. Individual should learn tolerance and compromise and understand that freedom is not unbridled but dependent on not harming other individuals wellbeing
In democracy many religions flourish and enrich the cultural heritage of the country. For this and many other reasons democracy more advantages than other forms of government and best reflects the will of the people in the governance of the country. The government the NGO’s and the people together should wok collectively for the development of the nation. Changes should come through peaceful, democratic and constitutional means.
It is our responsibility to create awareness among masses about the significance of voting and its impact.we have the responsibility in voting and we are proud of it as is given by constitution of india.our prime motivation is to stay positive and believe in the democratic process which has proven to be successful even in tough times.
Clear thoughts produced clear results. Positive thoughts are not enough. There have to be positive feelings and positive actions.